Wall hangings production (sheep wool) , San Pedro de Cajas

Drawing cotton yarn tapestries, installed on the loom.
Piece of wool for drawing
Inserting wool
Press
Material Selection: The raw wool is selected, removing impurities and defective portions, clear and dark portions are also removed; only white wool is used.

Washing.– The raw wool is washed with detergents and softeners.

Dyed: A cylinder is boiled with enough water to immerse all the wool loosely. When the water has boiled dyes and fasteners are added (formic acid and salt). The amount of each dye depends on each color to be obtained, usually primary colors are dyed (then mixed in a carding to obtain different hues). After, washing raw wool is added and boiled during 1/2 hour, shifting occasionally. Then rinsed and allowed to dry outdoor.

Warp preparation: Cotton yarn is prepared in tangles. They gather 6 or 8 yarns that can be pulled by stakes. Length, as the number of beams is used according to the width of the mat and the ability of the loom. In other cases, artisans buy urdido ready for factories.
The preparation is placed on the loom, is wound on a reel and each strand crosses each slit of comb and each noose strained to fit to the weave.

Carded: The dyed and dried wool is carded in small portions to release strands of wool, it is also used to mix wool of different colors to obtain the final nuanced, this is achieved by placing a card on a pallet, on it wool is placed and other cards passed repeatedly over.

Preparation of "departures": The "zarpes" are prepared, pieces of yarn thickness of a finger, which must be cylindrical and uniform in.

Knitting: The tissue depends on skills of the weaver, he will form the figures used as plot colored zarpes of wool, in each carrera bits zarpes are placed qualifying figures and closing the frame with several turns of cotton. Designs are previously drawn on paper, on the urdimbre or directly is forming figures to tissue.

Finishes: After finishing figures, knited and put strips of cotton as borders to finish the loom. Both ends are sewn, also knots are cut, as yarns and wool pieces protruding.